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What is Conveyancing?

In short, conveyancing is the transfer of the legal title of a property from one person to another. There are usually two stages to this, the very first being the exchanging of contracts, the point at which the details of the deal are dealt with, the second stage then being the completion, where the lawful title and possession passes to the new owners.

As with many legal processes we need to go through in life, the conveyancing system has a procedure that must be followed to the letter!

The Conveyancing Process - Step By Step...

Initial Paperwork and Draft Contract

As soon as a deal has actually been accepted, the seller's solicitor will proceed to draft the contract. The contract will lay out the details of the sale, the terms of the deal including the purchase price and any details that need to be brought to mind. At the same time, the seller will ensure to provide all relevant information about the home and the vendor's solicitor will be sure to examine this information before preparing the seller's lawful title to the home.

Introductory Enquires from Purchaser's Solicitor

As soon as the buyer's lawyer has checked all the preliminary documents and also the agreement it will be up to the solicitor to make some first preliminary checks relating to the property as well as its existing proprietor and after that ask questions of the vendor's lawyer on concerns developing out of the draft documents. Problems relating to the local area, legal rights of way and also boundary disputes will additionally be part of these enquiries.

Organising a Survey as well as Searches

The survey is to be arranged by the purchaser's solicitor. This will certainly examine the state of the structure, the condition of the surrounding land along with the evaluation of outside aspects such as drainage systems and also whether there are any regional advancements planned in the near future. The buyer's solicitor will also make numerous searches, including examining any kind of outstanding issues with the regional authority, consisting of planning, as well as can additionally include searches regarding flooding risk, polluted land and also various other environmental concerns.

Authorization of Draft Agreement

While the study of the residential or commercial property is being finished, both solicitors will liaise to agree terms on the draft agreement. When this negotiation has been finalised and each party is satisfied with the conclusion, the agreement can be made official and each party, both buyer and seller can sign a copy in readiness for exchange.

Mortgage Offer

If you are obtaining a mortgage, then you are required to obtain an official mortgage offer. Your bank or mortgage provider will certainly also instruct a solicitor to act upon its behalf. Usually this is the solicitor acting for the purchaser if that solicitor is accepted by the loan provider. The lawyer will examine the mortgage terms as well as schedule the purchaser to sign the mortgage offer.

Exchange of Contracts

This is the point at which the seller and buyer commit to the transaction and if they later back out or try to change the terms of the deal will suffer financial penalties and be liable for any loss suffered by the other party. Thankfully it is very rare for a contract to be broken. The agreement will require the purchaser to pay a down payment and the date for completion of the offer is taken care of. This date will certainly be included in the contract. If there is a chain of transactions sometimes sticking to the conclusion date requires a little assistance from the Estate Agents involved who can then speak with everybody in the conveyancing chain.

After exchange

If it has actually not already been done the formal transfer deed is authorised, final land registry and also personal bankruptcy searches are done, the mortgage cash is requested and sent out to the buyer’s lawyer and also the last economic statements are prepared. The seller's lawyer will check how much is needed to pay off any existing financings and will make sure every little thing is ready on their side. All the things that need to be done, are checked off to ensure they are ready for the completion date.


On the completion date the vendor vacates the property, the buyer's lawyer sends the acquisition cash to the seller's lawyer and the solicitors concur between them both what papers have to be sent. When the money has actually been exchanged then completion takes place (but the purchaser and seller do not need to attend), all keys are released to the buyer, this then enables them to move in.

After completion although the customer as well as vendor will have moved there is still a great deal of work for the solicitors to deal with. The seller's solicitor needs to take care of repayment of any mortgages on the residential or commercial property, pay the estate agents as well as pay over any balance to the seller.

The buyer's lawyer needs to check the deeds as well as all the documentation that they receive, report to HMRC and also pay the Stamp Duty and register the purchase and also the details of the mortgage at the Land Registry. When each of these tasks have all been done the solicitor then has to inform the mortgage provider as well as the buyer and ensure the right papers and documents are sent out to the right people.

All property transactions, either buying or selling should always be dealt with by professionals. Dealing with the sale or purchase of your home is not something that should be left to amateurs! Each firm on our panel has a reputation for excellent customer service and competency at completing property instructions. All firms are regulated by the SRA (Solicitors Regulation Authority) or the CLC (Council for Licensed Conveyancers) and handle large volumes of conveyancing matters each month.

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